This section describes the syntax classes and flags that denote the
syntax of a character, and how they are represented as a syntax
descriptor, which is a Lisp string that you pass to
modify-syntax-entry to specify the syntax you want.
The syntax table specifies a syntax class for each character. There is no necessary relationship between the class of a character in one syntax table and its class in any other table.
Each class is designated by a mnemonic character, which serves as the name of the class when you need to specify a class. Usually the designator character is one that is often assigned that class; however, its meaning as a designator is unvarying and independent of what syntax that character currently has. Thus, ‘\’ as a designator character always gives “escape character” syntax, regardless of what syntax ‘\’ currently has.
A syntax descriptor is a Lisp string that specifies a syntax class, a matching character (used only for the parenthesis classes) and flags. The first character is the designator for a syntax class. The second character is the character to match; if it is unused, put a space there. Then come the characters for any desired flags. If no matching character or flags are needed, one character is sufficient.
For example, the syntax descriptor for the character ‘*’ in C mode is ‘. 23’ (i.e., punctuation, matching character slot unused, second character of a comment-starter, first character of a comment-ender), and the entry for ‘/’ is ‘. 14’ (i.e., punctuation, matching character slot unused, first character of a comment-starter, second character of a comment-ender).blog comments powered by Disqus