This section describes commands that indent all the lines in the region. They return unpredictable values.
indent-regionstart end &optional to-column
This command indents each nonblank line starting between start
(inclusive) and end (exclusive). If to-column is
indent-region indents each nonblank line by calling
the current mode’s indentation function, the value of
If to-column is non-
nil, it should be an integer
specifying the number of columns of indentation; then this function
gives each line exactly that much indentation, by either adding or
If there is a fill prefix,
indent-region indents each line
by making it start with the fill prefix.
The value of this variable is a function that can be used by
indent-region as a short cut. It should take two arguments, the
start and end of the region. You should design the function so
that it will produce the same results as indenting the lines of the
region one by one, but presumably faster.
If the value is
nil, there is no short cut, and
indent-region actually works line by line.
A short-cut function is useful in modes such as C mode and Lisp mode, where the indent-line-function must scan from the beginning of the function definition: applying it to each line would be quadratic in time. The short cut can update the scan information as it moves through the lines indenting them; this takes linear time. In a mode where indenting a line individually is fast, there is no need for a short cut.
indent-region with a non-
nil argument to-column has
a different meaning and does not use this variable.
indent-rigidlystart end count
This function indents all lines starting between start (inclusive) and end (exclusive) sideways by count columns. This preserves the shape of the affected region, moving it as a rigid unit.
This is useful not only for indenting regions of unindented text, but also for indenting regions of formatted code. For example, if count is 3, this command adds 3 columns of indentation to every line that begins in the specified region.
If called interactively with no prefix argument, this command invokes a transient mode for adjusting indentation rigidly. See Indentation Commands in The GNU Emacs Manual.
indent-code-rigidlystart end columns &optional nochange-regexp
This is like
indent-rigidly, except that it doesn’t alter lines
that start within strings or comments.
In addition, it doesn’t alter a line if nochange-regexp matches at
the beginning of the line (if nochange-regexp is non-