Asynchronous subprocesses receive input when it is sent to them by Emacs, which is done with the functions in this section. You must specify the process to send input to, and the input data to send. If the subprocess runs a program, the data appears on the standard input of that program; for connections, the data is sent to the connected device or program.
Some operating systems have limited space for buffered input in a pty. On these systems, Emacs sends an EOF periodically amidst the other characters, to force them through. For most programs, these EOFs do no harm.
Subprocess input is normally encoded using a coding system before the
subprocess receives it, much like text written into a file. You can use
set-process-coding-system to specify which coding system to use
(see Process Information). Otherwise, the coding system comes from
coding-system-for-write, if that is non-
nil; or else from
the defaulting mechanism (see Default Coding Systems).
Sometimes the system is unable to accept input for that process, because the input buffer is full. When this happens, the send functions wait a short while, accepting output from subprocesses, and then try again. This gives the subprocess a chance to read more of its pending input and make space in the buffer. It also allows filters, sentinels and timers to run—so take account of that in writing your code.
In these functions, the process argument can be a process or
the name of a process, or a buffer or buffer name (which stands
for a process via
the current buffer’s process.
This function sends process the contents of string as
standard input. It returns
nil. For example, to make a
Shell buffer list files:
(process-send-string "shell<1>" "ls\n") ⇒ nil
process-send-regionprocess start end
This function sends the text in the region defined by start and end as standard input to process.
An error is signaled unless both start and end are integers or markers that indicate positions in the current buffer. (It is unimportant which number is larger.)
This function makes process see an end-of-file in its input. The EOF comes after any text already sent to it. The function returns process.
(process-send-eof "shell") ⇒ "shell"
This function will tell you whether a process, which must not be
a connection but a real subprocess, has given control of its terminal
to a child process of its own. If this is true, the function returns
the numeric ID of the foreground process group of process; it
nil if Emacs can be certain that this is not so. The
value is t if Emacs cannot tell whether this is true. This
function signals an error if process is a network, serial, or
pipe connection, or is the subprocess is not active.