This new command (which inserts an <a >_</a> skeleton) is bound to 'C-c C-c #'.
This is an interactive convenience function to be used when developing font locking for a mode. It recomputes the font locking data and then re-fontifies the buffer.
When you type a quote that starts a string, or a comment delimiter that starts a comment, font-lock will not immediately refontify the following characters in font-lock-string-face or font-lock-comment-face. Instead, it will delay the fontification beyond the current line to give you a chance to close the string or comment. This is controlled by the new user option jit-lock-antiblink-grace, which specifies the delay in seconds. The default is 2 seconds; set to nil to get back the old behavior.
tar-modewill now preserve the timestamp of
the extracted file if the new user option
autoconf-modeis now used instead of
what they're named, and the
battery-linux-sysfs-regexp variable has
list-processescommand now includes port numbers in the
network connection information (in addition to the host name).
clpackage is now officially deprecated in favor of
now prompts the user for the directory containing the desktop file.
and user options display-line-numbers-major-tick and display-line-numbers-minor-tick can be used to highlight the line numbers of lines multiple of certain numbers.
an offset to absolute line numbers.
winner-boring-buffers-regexp, has been added.
table-generate-sourcenow supports wiki and mediawiki.
This command can now output wiki and mediawiki format tables.
telnet-modewill restart a closed connection.
be ignored has been added via the
latex-noindent-commandscontrols indentation of certain commands.
You can use this new user option to control indentation of arguments of \emph, \footnote, and similar commands.
This is because on the one hand it suffers from misbehavior in corner cases that have plagued it for years, and on the other hand experience indicates that it doesn't bring any measurable benefit.
gkeystroke in "Compile-Log" buffers has been bound to a
new command that will recompile the file previously compiled with 'M-x byte-compile-file' and the like.
compilation-context-linescan now take the value t; this is like
nil, but instead of scrolling the current line to the top of the screen when there is no left fringe, it inserts a visible arrow before column zero.
compilation-transform-file-match-alistuser option can
be used to transform file name matches compilation output, and remove known false positives being recognized as warnings/errors.
cl-defstructhas a new ':noinline' argument to prevent inlining
cl-defstructslots accept a ':documentation' property.
cl-values-listwill now signal an error if its argument isn't a list.
doc-view-pdftotext-program-argshas been added
to allow controlling how the conversion to text is done.
swas changed to
cfor slicing commands
to avoid conflicts with
s. The new key
has good mnemonics of "cut", "clip", "crop".
names match certain regular expressions as big. Ido won't attempt to list the contents of such directories when completing file names.
This option allows control of how the 'M-<' command works in the minibuffer. If non-nil, point will move to the end of the prompt (if point is after the end of the prompt). The default is nil, which preserves the original behavior of 'M-<' moving to the beginning of the prompt.
the end of the minibuffer instead of hiding the minibuffer by the echo area display. The new user option minibuffer-message-clear-timeout controls how messages displayed in this situation are removed from the minibuffer. To revert to previous behavior, where echo-area messages temporarily overwrote the minibuffer contents until the user typed something, set set-message-function and clear-message-function to nil.
minibuffer-messageto display error messages
at the end of the active minibuffer. To disable this, remove
minibuffer-error-initialize from minibuffer-setup-hook.
y-or-n-pnow uses the minibuffer to read
a character using the minibuffer by
map-putmacro in favor of a new 'map-put!' function.
map-contains-keynow returns a boolean rather than the key.
typearg can be a list '(hash-table :key1 VAL1 :key2 VAL2 …)'.
New convenience functions
seq-rest give easy access
to respectively the first and all but the first elements of sequences.
The new predicate function
seq-contains-p should be used instead of
the now obsolete
In the current follow group of windows, "ghost" cursors are no longer
displayed in the non-selected follow windows. To get the old behavior
follow-hide-ghost-cursors to nil.
windmove-create-windowwhen non-nil makes a new window.
This happens upon moving off the edge of the frame.
The new command
windmove-display-default-keybindings binds default
keys with provided modifiers (by default, Shift-Meta) to the commands
that display the next buffer in the window at the specified direction.
This is like
windmove-default-keybindings that binds keys to commands
that select the window in the specified direction, but additionally it
displays the buffer from the next command in that window. For example,
'S-M-right C-h i' displays the "Info" buffer in the right window,
creating the window if necessary. A special key can be customized to
display the buffer in the same window, for example, 'S-M-0 C-h e'
displays the "Messages" buffer in the same window. 'S-M-t C-h r'
displays the Emacs manual in a new tab.
The new command
windmove-delete-default-keybindings binds default
keys with provided prefix (by default,
C-x) and modifiers (by default,
Shift) to the commands that delete the window in the specified
direction. For example, 'C-x S-down' deletes the window below.
With a prefix arg
C-u, also kills the buffer in that window.
M-0, deletes the selected window and selects the window
that was in the specified direction.
windmove-swap-states-in-directionbinds default keys
to the commands that swap the states of the selected window with the window in the specified direction.
That includes the user option
windmove-window-distance-delta and the
The mode is automatically enabled in files that start with the
next-fileis now an obsolete alias of
tags-loop-revert-buffersis an obsolete alias of
tags-loop-continuefunction along with the
tags-loop-scan variables are now obsolete;
use the new
remapped to these, respectively.
It is by default bound to '* N'.
command itself, not how many files are marked in total.
dired-rename-file should create non-existent
directories in the destination.
or one of the most recently visited windows with a Dired buffer.
Dired performs file renaming using underlying version control system.
permissions of such files with a special face
dired-special, is used to highlight sockets, named
pipes, block devices and character devices.
The default value is
When non-nil, this user option causes the VC commands to communicate
with the repository via Tor's proxy, using the
script. The default is nil.
log-edit-generate-changelog-from-diff, bound to 'C-c C-w'.
This generates ChangeLog entries from the VC fileset diff.
If a ChangeLog file doesn't exist, and if the new user option add-log-dont-create-changelog-file is non-nil (which is the default), commands such as 'C-x 4 a' will add log entries to a suitable named temporary buffer. (An existing ChangeLog file will still be used if it exists.) Set the user option to nil to get the previous behavior of always creating a buffer that visits a ChangeLog file.
buffers will delete the marked files (or if no files are marked, the file under point). This command does not notify the VC backend, and is mostly useful for unregistered files.
vc-dir-ignorenow takes a prefix argument to ignore all marked files.
This new user option allows customizing the default arguments passed to
vc-git-grep is used.
vc-git-stashnow respects marks in the "vc-dir" buffer.
When some files are marked, only those are stashed. When no files are marked, all modified files are stashed, as before.
vc-dirnow shows a button allowing you to hide the stash list.
Controlled by user option vc-git-show-stash. Default t means show the entire list as before. An integer value limits the list length (but still allows you to show the entire list via the button).
vc-git-stashis now bound to
Cin the stash headers.
vc-git-stash-snapshot can now be run using
S respectively, including when there are no stashes.
vc-retrieve-tag-hookruns after retrieving a tag.
smerge-modewhen visiting files.
Code that attempted to invoke
smerge-mode when visiting an Hg file
with conflicts existed in earlier versions of Emacs, but incorrectly
never detected a conflict due to invalid assumptions about cached
The 'C-x v h' command now works in buffers that visit files controlled by Hg.
you invoke 'C-x v m' (
instead of revision numbers as completion candidates when it prompts for a revision.
It specifies switches to pass to Hg's
vc-root-version-diff) prompts for two revisions
and compares their entire trees.
vc-diff-mergebase) and 'C-x v M L' (
print diffs and logs between the merge base (common ancestor) of two given revisions.
vc-log-searchasks for a pattern, searches it
in the revision log, and displays matched log entries in the log buffer. For example, 'M-x vc-log-search RET bug#36644 RET' displays all entries whose log messages match the bug number. With a prefix argument asks for a command, so for example, 'C-u M-x vc-log-search RET git log -1 f302475 RET' will display just one log entry found by its revision number.
If you invoke 'C-x v L' (
vc-print-root-log) with a numeric argument
of 1, as in 'C-1 C-x v L' or 'C-u 1 C-x v L', it asks for a revision
ID, and shows its log entry together with the diffs introduced by the
revision's commit. (For some less capable VCSes, only the log entry
vc-find-revision doesn't write the created buffer to file.
Set the new user option diff-font-lock-prettify to t for that, see below under "Diff mode".
difffunction arguments OLD and NEW may each be a buffer
rather than a file, in non-interactive calls. This change was made in Emacs 24.1, but wasn't documented until now.
diff-buffersinteractively diffs two buffers.
To disable refinement, set the new user option diff-refine to nil.
To get back the old behavior where hunks are refined as you navigate
through a diff, set diff-refine to the symbol
diff-auto-refine-modeis deprecated in favor of diff-refine.
It is no longer enabled by default and binding it no longer has any effect.
Fragments of source in Diff hunks are now by default highlighted according to the appropriate major mode. Customize the new user option diff-font-lock-syntax to nil to disable this.
To enable it, set the new user option diff-font-lock-prettify to t. On GUI frames, this option also displays the insertion and deletion indicators on the left fringe.
diff-goto-sourcemeans jump to the old revision
of the file under version control if point is on an old changed line, or to the new revision of the file otherwise.
The function 'texinfo-insert-dwim-@ref', bound to 'C-c C-c r' by default, inserts one of three types of references based on the text surrounding point, namely '@pxref' near a parenthesis, '@xref' at the start of a sentence or at '(point-min)', else '@ref'.
browse-url-emacscan now visit a URL in selected window.
It now treats the optional 2nd argument to mean that the URL should be shown in the currently selected window.
browse-url-add-buttonscan be used to add clickable
links to most ordinary special-mode buffers that display text that have URLs embedded. browse-url-button-regexp controls what's considered a button.
It can be set to a function that invokes an alternative browser.
send-invisibleis now an obsolete alias for
shell-strip-ctrl-m is declared obsolete.
comint-insert-previous-argument) no longer interprets '&'.
This feature caused problems when '&&' was present in the previous command. Since this command emulates 'M-.' in Bash and zsh, neither of which treats '&' specially, the feature was removed for compatibility with these shells.
comint-insert-previous-argumentcan now count arguments from the end.
By default, invoking 'C-c .' with a numeric argument N would copy the Nth argument, counting from the first one. But if the new user option comint-insert-previous-argument-from-end is non-nil, it will copy the Nth argument counting from the last one. Thus 'C-c .' can now better emulate 'M-.' in both Bash and zsh, since the former counts from the beginning of the arguments, while the latter counts from the end.
comint-runcan now accept a list of switches to pass to the program.
'C-u M-x comint-run' will prompt for the switches interactively.
This hook permits a derived mode to supply a password for the
underlying command interpreter without prompting the user. For
sql-mode, the password for connecting to the database may
be stored in the connection wallet and may be passed on the command
line to start the SQL interpreter. This is a potential security flaw
that could expose user's database passwords on the command line
through the use of a process list (Bug#8427). With this hook, it is
possible to not pass the password on the command line and wait for the
program to prompt for the password. When it does so, the password can
be supplied to the SQL interpreter without involving the user just as
if it had been supplied on the command line.
SQL Mode now supports the ELPA
sql-indent package for assisting
sophisticated SQL indenting rules. Note, however, that SQL is not
like other programming languages like C, Java, or Python where code is
sparse and rules for formatting are fairly well established. Instead
SQL is more like COBOL (from which it came) and code tends to be very
dense and line ending decisions driven by syntax and line length
considerations to make readable code. Experienced SQL developers may
prefer to rely upon existing Emacs facilities for formatting code but
sql-indent package provides facilities to aid more casual SQL
developers layout queries and complex expressions.
sql-use-indent-support(default t) enables SQL indention support.
sql-indent package from ELPA must be installed to get the
indentation support in
Both hook variables have had
sql-indent-enable added to their
default values. If you have existing customizations to these
variables, you should make sure that the new default entry is
Database passwords can now by stored in NETRC or JSON data files that
may optionally be encrypted. When establishing an interactive session
with the database via
sql-connect or a product specific function,
sql-postgres, the password wallet will be
searched for the password. The
sql-database, and the
sql-username will be used to identify the
appropriate authorization. This eliminates the discouraged practice of
embedding database passwords in your Emacs initialization.
auth-source module for complete documentation on the file
formats. By default, the wallet file is expected to be in the
.json (JSON) or no (NETRC) suffix. Both file formats can optionally
be encrypted with GPG by adding an additional
term-read-noechois now obsolete, use
serial-termnow takes an optional parameter to leave the
emulator in line mode.
You should instead set properties on known diagnostic symbols, like ':error' and ':warning', as demonstrated in the Flymake manual.
Control whether Flymake starts checking the buffer on save.
This enables more efficient backends. See the docstring of
flymake-diagnostic-functions or the Flymake manual for details.
flymake-start-syntax-check-on-newlineis now obsolete,
use post-self-insert-hook to check on newline.
it can't find the config file.
ruby-find-library-filebound to 'C-c C-f'.
package.el used to refuse to install a package without the so-called "footer line", which appears at the very end of the file:
;;; FILENAME ends here
package.el will now install packages without this line, but it will issue a warning. To avoid this warning, packages should keep the "footer line".
Note that versions of Emacs older than 27.1 will not only refuse to install packages without such a line – they will be unable to parse package data. It is therefore recommended to keep this line.
package-check-signaturefor packages with multiple sigs.
In previous Emacsen, t checked that all signatures are valid.
Now t only checks that at least one signature is valid and the new
value needs to be used if you want to enforce that all signatures
are valid. This only affects packages with multiple signatures.
changed slightly: If a usable OpenPGP configuration can't be found (for instance, if gpg isn't installed), it now has the same meaning as nil.
package-get-versionlets packages query their own version.
Example use in auctex.el: '(defconst auctex-version (package-get-version))'
When package-quickstart is non-nil, package.el precomputes a big
autoloads file so that activation of packages can be done much faster,
which can speed up your startup significantly.
It also causes user options like package-user-dir and
package-load-list to be consulted when
is run rather than at startup so you don't need to set them in your
early init file.
A new function has been added which allows users to filter the
packages list by name:
package-menu-filter-by-name. By default, it
is bound to '/ n'. Additionally, the function
package-menu-filter-by-keyword has been renamed from
package-menu-filter. Its keybinding has also been changed to '/ k'
f). To clear any of the two filters, the user can now call
package-menu-clear-filter function, bound to '/ /' by default.
gnow updates package data from archives.
tabulated-list-revert which did not update
the cached archive data. It is now bound to
will update the data.
package-menu-refresh is an obsolete alias for
holding down the Ctrl key pops up a menu of previously visited Info nodes where you can select a node to go back (like in browsers).
The 'file://' URLs in Info documents can now be followed by passing
them to the
browse-url function, like the other protocols:
https. This allows having references to local HTML
files, for example.
The new user option
Man-width-max (80 by default) limits the number
of columns passed to the
man program for formatting man pages. This
is to enhance readability when man pages are displayed in very wide
windows (which are customary with today's large displays).
This command finds definitions of the identifier at the place of a mouse click event, and is intended to be bound to a mouse event.
xref-marker-ring-lengthworks after xref.el is loaded.
xref-marker-ring-length would only take effect
if set before xref.el was loaded.
xref-find-definitionsnow sets the mark at the buffer position
where it was invoked.
It encapsulates the logic pertinent to showing the result of
xref-find-definitions. The user can change it to customize its
behavior and the display of results.
The search-type Xref commands (e.g.
project-find-regexp) now show the results buffer even when there is
only one hit. This can be altered by changing
A new command
xref-revert-buffer is bound to
Using it, the etags backend now honors tags-case-fold-search during identifier completion.
checkdoc-buffer with a non-nil TAKE-NOTES argument
(interactively, with a prefix arg) will now spell-check the doc
strings and report all the spelling mistakes.
This mode is based on Icomplete, and its name stands for "Fake Ido".
The point of this mode is to be an
ido-mode workalike, providing
most of the functionality present in
ido-mode that is not in
Icomplete, which is much more compatible with all of Emacs's
This can be controlled by the new
ecomplete-sort-predicate user option.
ecomplete-database-filefile is now placed in
~/.emacs.d/ecompleterc by default. Of course it will still find it
if you have it in
mm-uu-diff-groups-regexpnow defaults to matching all groups,
which means that "git am" diffs are recognized everywhere.
bound to the '[' and ']' keys:
gnus-summary-next-unseen-article. These take you (respectively) to
the previous unseen or next unseen article. (These are the ones that
are marked with
. in the summary mode lines.)
nnimap-expungesupports three new values:
never for never expunging messages,
immediately for immediately
expunging deleted messages, and
on-exit to expunge deleted articles
when exiting the group's summary buffer. Setting
nil or t is still supported but not recommended, since it may
result in Gnus expunging all messages that have been flagged as
deleted by any IMAP client (rather than just those that have been
deleted by Gnus).
gnus-use-atomic-windowsmakes Gnus window layouts atomic.
See the "(elisp) Atomic Windows" node of the Elisp manual for details.
combined-local-lapsed, which will show both the time (in the local
timezone) and the lapsed time.
The nnimap backend used to do this unconditionally to work around problems on old versions of MS-Windows. This is now done only for Windows XP and older.
This feature can be enabled by setting the new
server variable to non-nil.
gnus-summary-limit-to-scorewill limit in reverse.
Limit to articles with score "at or below" the SCORE argument rather than "at or above".
gnus-score-find-favorite-wordshas been renamed
has a search engine.
See the concept index in the Gnus manual for the
resize, which means that large images will be resized instead of
displayed with an external program by default.
can be used to attach the current article(s) to a pre-existing Message buffer, or create a new Message buffer with the article(s) attached.
scans the article buffer for URLs, and offers them to the user to open
This option controls whether and how to use Gnus search groups as
'path:' search terms to
(i.e., buttons from widget.el). This has now changed, and they are
now buttons (from button.el), and commands like
TAB now search for
buttons instead of widgets. There should be no user-visible changes,
but out-of-tree code that relied on widgets being present might now
This hook is called after strings have been inserted into the buffer,
and is free to alter point and window configurations, as it's not
called from inside a
save-excursion, as opposed to
erc-button-google-urlhas been renamed to
and its value has been changed to Duck Duck Go.
erc-send-thishave been obsoleted.
The user option to use instead to alter text to be sent is now
Open and close parenthesis and apostrophe are not considered valid nick characters anymore, matching the given grammar in RFC 2812 section 2.3.1. This enables correct matching and highlighting of nicks when they are surrounded by parentheses, like "(nick)", and when adjacent to an apostrophe, like "nick's".
which better handles surrounding pair of parentheses.
which is like
erc-switch-to-buffer, but opens the buffer in another
which is like
erc-track-switch-buffer, but opens the buffer in
shr-cookie-policycan be used to control
ewwcommand can now create a new EWW buffer.
Invoking the command with a prefix argument will cause it to create a new EWW buffer for the URL instead of reusing the default one.
when tab-bar-mode is enabled.
eww-download) command now falls back to current page's URL.
If this command is invoked with no URL at point, it now downloads the current page instead of signaling an error.
'C-u RET' keystroke on a link), the link will be flashed with the new
shr-selected-link face to give the user feedback that the command
has been executed.
If set, shr will not render tags with attribute 'aria-hidden="true"'. This attribute is meant to tell screen readers to ignore a tag.
shr-external-browserhas been made into an obsolete alias
shr-tag-olnow respects the ordered list
hfy-fallback-color-values and the variables
hfy-rgb-txt-color-map have been renamed from names that used
colour instead of
You can add or modify the
charset text properties of text using the
'Edit->Text Properties->Special Properties' menu, or by invoking the
facemenu-set-charset command. Documents in Enriched mode will be
saved with the charset properties, and those properties will be
restored when the file is visited.
attempt when communicating with the SMTP server(s), the
smtpmail-servers-requiring-authorization user option can be used.
error message from the SMTP server. The new
user option says how many times to retry.
Can be controlled via the new user option
css-cycle-color-formatfor cycling between color
formats (e.g. "black" => "#000000" => "rgb(0, 0, 0)") has been added, bound to 'C-c C-f'.
sgml-quotenow handles double quotes and apostrophes
when escaping text and in addition all numeric entities when unescaping text.
The maximum level is used by default; customize font-lock-maximum-decoration to tone down the decoration.
If non-nil, the default, buffers opened during pdbtracking session are killed when pdbtracking session is finished.
It sends the statement delimited by
python-nav-end-of-statement to the inferior Python process.
where the variable or function appeared in Emacs.
view-lossage) has changed.
view-lossage now displays the last keystrokes
and commands in the same format as the edit buffer of
edit-last-kbd-macro. This makes it possible to copy the lines from
the buffer generated by
view-lossage to the "Edit Macro" buffer
edit-last-kbd-macro, and to save the macro by 'C-c C-c'.
can now be searched via
ibuffer-filter-by-process; bound to '/ E'.
This means you can now easily filter several major modes, as well as a single mode.
isearch-repeat-backward). With a prefix argument, these
commands repeat the search for the specified occurrence of the search string.
A negative argument repeats the search in the opposite direction.
This makes possible also to use a prefix argument for 'M-s .'
isearch-forward-symbol-at-point) to find the next Nth symbol.
Also a prefix argument is supported for
is possible now with new commands
isearch-end-of-buffer bound to 'M-s M-<' and 'M-s M->' in Isearch.
With a numeric argument, they go to the Nth absolute occurrence
counting from the beginning/end of the buffer. This complements
C-r that searches for the next Nth relative occurrence
with a numeric argument.
of matches in the Isearch prompt. User options lazy-count-prefix-format and lazy-count-suffix-format define the format of the current and the total number of matches in the prompt's prefix and suffix, respectively.
It is useful in combination with
lazy-highlight-cleanup customized to nil
to leave matches highlighted in the whole buffer after exiting isearch.
Also when lazy-highlight-buffer prepares highlighting in the buffer,
navigation through the matches without flickering is more smooth.
lazy-highlight-buffer-max-at-a-time controls the number of matches to
highlight in one iteration while processing the full buffer.
C-M-z invokes new function
isearch-yank-until-char, which yanks
everything from point up to but not including the specified
character into the search string. This is especially useful for
C-M-w in isearch changed from
isearch-del-char to the new function
isearch-del-char is now bound to
'M-s h l' invokes
highlight-lines-matching-regexp using the search
string to highlight lines matching the search string. This is similar
to the existing binding 'M-s h r' (
highlight-regexp) that highlights
JUST the search string.
to extend the search string by yanking text that ends at the new
position after moving point in the current buffer.
the search string by motion commands while holding down the shift key.
scrolling any distance off screen.
and case-sensitivity together with search strings in the search ring.
flush-linesprints and returns the number of deleted matching lines.
char-fold-to-regexpnow matches more variants of a base character.
The table used to check for equivalence of characters is now built using the complete chain of unicode decompositions of a character, rather than stopping after one level, such that searching for e.g. "GREEK SMALL LETTER IOTA" will now also find "GREEK SMALL LETTER IOTA WITH OXIA".
char-fold-includelets you add ad hoc
char-fold-exclude to remove foldings from default decomposition,
char-fold-symmetric to search for any of an equivalence class of
characters. For example, with a nil value of
you can search for "e" to find "é", but not vice versa. With a non-nil
value you can search for either, for example, you can search for "é"
to find "e".
Backtrace mode adds fontification and commands for changing the appearance of backtrace frames. See the node "(elisp) Backtraces" in the Elisp manual for documentation of the new mode and its commands.
now take a zero prefix analogously to the non-Edebug counterparts.
When setting breakpoints in Edebug, an overlay with these faces are placed over the point in question, depending on whether they are enabled or not.
This command allows you to disable a breakpoint temporarily. This is mainly useful with breakpoints that are conditional and would take some time to recreate.
To clear all breakpoints in the current form, the
U command in
edebug-mode, or 'M-x edebug-unset-breakpoints' can be used.
previously-set breakpoints. However, if the code has changed substantially, this may not be possible.
This command removes Edebug instrumentation from all functions that have been instrumented.
using the new variables
edebug-new-definition-function. Edebug's behavior can be changed
globally or for individual definitions.
Backtrace mode adds fontification, links and commands for changing the appearance of backtrace frames. See the node "(elisp) Backtraces" in the Elisp manual for documentation of the new mode and its commands.
The binding of
d in Edebug's keymap is now
edebug-backtrace. Consequently Edebug's backtrace
windows now behave like those of the Lisp Debugger and of ERT, in that
when they appear they will be the selected window.
backtrace-goto-source command, bound to
s, works in
Edebug's backtraces on backtrace frames whose source code has
been instrumented by Edebug.
xterm-set-window-titlecontrols whether Emacs sets
the XTerm window title. This feature is experimental and is disabled by default.
zrgrepnow hide part of the command line
that contains a list of ignored directories and files.
Clicking on the button with ellipsis unhides it.
The abbreviation can be disabled by the new user option
grep-find-abbreviate. The new command
grep-find-toggle-abbreviation toggles it interactively.
ert-quietallows making ERT output in batch mode
less verbose by removing non-essential information.
Backtrace mode adds fontification and commands for changing the appearance of backtrace frames. See the node "(elisp) Backtraces" in the Elisp manual for documentation of the new mode and its commands.
dimensions, instead of always using 16 pixels. As a result, Tetris, Snake and Pong are better playable on HiDPI displays.
gamegrid-add-scorecan now sort scores from lower to higher.
This is useful for games where lower scores are better, like time-based games.
C-TABnow uses the
styles as configured by the user option completion-styles.
These macros are analogue to
let and 'let*', but create bindings that
are evaluated lazily.
The value should be a function that determines how to find the
next buffer to be used by
default is to use the last buffer that navigated to the current
It can be used to set any buffer as the next one to be used by
nxml-sexp-element-flagis now t.
This means that pressing
C-M-SPACE now selects the entire tree by
default, and not just the opening element.
pcomplete. Its UI is slightly different but can be customized to
behave similarly, e.g. Pcomplete's default cycling can be obtained
with '(setq completion-cycle-threshold 5)'.
To restore the old behavior, use
(add-hook 'eshell-expand-input-functions #'eshell-expand-history-references)
eshell-uniquify-listhas been renamed from
Previously 'eshell/kill' would fail if provided a kill signal to send to the process. It now accepts signals specified either by name or by its number.
The files specified by
eshell-last-dir-ring-file-name can include symlinks; these are now
followed when Emacs writes the relevant history variables to the disk.
variable for remote shells. It still defaults to
This user option can now have the value
erase to force to erase the
output buffer before execution of the command, even if the output goes
to the current buffer. Additional values
save-point control where to put point in the
output buffer after inserting the
shell-command-set-point-after-cmd control how point is handled
between two consecutive shell commands in the same output buffer.
available for output of asynchronous shell commands.
Customize the new user option shell-command-prompt-show-cwd to enable it.
pcompletecommand is now obsolete.
The Pcomplete functionality can be obtained via
instead, by adding
pcomplete-uniquify-listhas been renamed from
To recover the previous behavior, set new user option
pcmpl-gnu-makefile-includes to nil.
.netrcfiles now use a new mode:
This is just like
fundamental-mode, except that it hides passwords
under a "**" display property. When the cursor moves to this text,
the real password is revealed (via
reveal-mode). The new
authinfo-hidden user option can be used to control what to hide.
or NextCloud hosted files and directories.
storages via the
rclone program. This feature is experimental.
with different user credentials. Contrary to the
sudo method, no
session is run permanently in the background. This is for security
are obsoleted in GVFS.
from auth-source search are taken into account. This can be disabled
by setting the user option
tramp-completion-use-auth-sources to nil.
Tramp for some look-alike remote file names.
multi-hop file names must match the previous hop. Default host names are adjusted to the host name from the previous hop.
The underlying session is disabled when the timeout expires. This is for security reasons.
possible to configure the remote login shell. This avoids problems
with remote hosts, where
/bin/sh is a link to a shell which
cooperates badly with Tramp.
They allow saving remote files somewhere else when the corresponding host is not reachable anymore.
Setting this option to an integer causes URLs displayed in Rcirc buffers to be truncated to that many characters.
Two new user options are provided for this:
names of buffers shown by the windows of a window configuration.
This is controlled by message-expand-name-standard-ui. With the standard UI the different sources (ecomplete, bbdb, and eudc) are matched together and try to obey completion-styles. It should work for other completion front ends like Company.
message-modenow supports highlighting citations of different depths.
This can be customized via the new user option message-cite-level-function and the new 'message-cited-text-*' faces.
when the PGP keyring contains a public key for every recipient. To
achieve this, add
'"email@example.com" <firstname.lastname@example.org>', Message will elide the repeated "name" from the address field in the response.
as it has been reported that many recipients can't read forwards that are formatted as MIME digests.
exclude most headers when forwarding.
When mml-secure-openpgp-sign-with-sender is non-nil, message sender's email address (in addition to its old behavior) will also be used to set gpg's "–sender email@domain" option.
The option is useful for two reasons when verifying the signature:
According to RFC 5322, only the
angles value is valid.
It now applies to epg functions as well as epa functions.
'epa–decode-coding-string', and 'epa–select-safe-coding-system' have
been removed. Use
The value of the new
sender slot (if a string) is used to set gpg's
"–sender" option. This feature is used by
mml-secure-openpgp-sign-with-sender. See gpg(1) manual page about
"–sender" for more information.
If this option is non-nil, messages appended to an output file by the
rmail-output command have their Deleted flag reset.
rmail-summary-by-senderswith an empty argument
selects the messages to summarize with a regexp that matches the sender of the current message.
This is handy in Lisp programs that run on a non-main thread and want to signal the main thread, e.g., when they encounter an error.
thread-joinnow returns the result of the finished thread.
thread-signaldoes not propagate errors to the main thread.
Instead, error messages are just printed in the main thread.
thread-alive-pis now obsolete, use
list-threadsshows Lisp threads.
See the current list of live threads in a tabulated-list buffer which
automatically updates. In the buffer, you can use 's q' or 's e' to
signal a thread with quit or error respectively, or get a snapshot
thing-at-pointsupports a new "thing" called
uuid can be passed to
thing-at-point and it returns the
UUID at point.
number-at-pointwill now recognize hex numbers like 0xAb09 and #xAb09
and return them as numbers.
highlight-regexpcan now highlight subexpressions.
The new command accepts a prefix numeric argument to choose the subexpression.
minor-mode-menu-from-indicatornow displays full minor mode name.
When there is no menu for a mode, display the mode name after the indicator instead of just the indicator (which is sometimes cryptic).
when given in a string. Previously, '(any "\x80-\xff")' would match characters U+0080…U+00FF. Now the expression matches raw bytes in the 128…255 range, as expected.
seqforms no longer require any arguments.
'(or)' produces a regexp that never matches anything, while '(seq)'
matches the empty string, each being an identity for the operation.
This also works for their aliases: '|' for
unmatchable can be used as an alternative to '(or)'.
literalaccept arbitrary lisp as arguments.
In this case,
rx will generate code which produces a regexp string
at run time, instead of a constant string.
These macros add new forms to the rx notation.
anycharis now an alias for
Both match any single character;
anychar is more descriptive.
intersectionform for character sets.
not, it can be used to compose character-matching
expressions from simpler parts.
notnow accepts more argument types.
The argument can now also be a character, a single-character string,
intersection form, or an
or form whose arguments each match a
orforms of strings guarantee a longest match.
For example, '(or (or "IN" "OUT") (or "INPUT" "OUTPUT"))' now matches
the whole string "INPUT" if present, not just "IN". Previously, this
was only guaranteed inside a single
or form of string literals.
make-frame-on-monitormakes a frame on the specified monitor.
This allows creating and immediately parenting a minibuffer-only child frame when making a frame.
These predicates are to be preferred over
testing for blinking cursor capability and the capability to have
symbols (e.g., '[return]', '[tab]', '[backspace]') as keys respectively.
You can now customize which sorting indicator character to display near the current column in Tabulated Lists (see user options tabulated-list-gui-sort-indicator-asc, tabulated-list-gui-sort-indicator-desc, tabulated-list-tty-sort-indicator-asc, and tabulated-list-tty-sort-indicator-desc).
w (which widens the current column) and
c which makes
the current column contract.
This function clears all tags from the padding area in the current
buffer. Tags are typically added by calling
This user option allows for the customization of the modifier key used in a terminal frame.
If a file imports Facebook's
React library, or if the file uses the
.jsx, then various features supporting XML-like syntax
will be supported in
js-mode and derivative modes. (
no longer needs to be enabled.)
This is turned on by default.
This is off by default.
Previously, JSX indentation usually only worked when an element was
wrapped in parenthesis (e.g. in a
return statement or a function
call). It would also fail in many intricate cases. Now, indentation
should work anywhere without parenthesis; many more intricacies are
supported; and, indentation conventions align more closely with those
of the React developer community (see 'js-jsx-align->-with-<'),
otherwise still adhering to SGML conventions.
Commonly in JSX code, a '>' on its own line is indented at the same level as its opening '<'. This is the new default for JSX. This behavior is slightly different than that used by SGML in Emacs, where '>' is indented at the same level as attributes, which was also the old default for JSX.
This is turned on by default. To get back the old default indentation behavior of aligning '>' with attributes, set 'js-jsx-align->-with-<' to nil.
The old behavior can be emulated by controlling JSX indentation independently of JS, by setting js-jsx-indent-level.
If you wish to indent JSX by a different number of spaces than JS, set this user option to the desired number.
Previously, the mode name was simply
Set this variable to nil to disable the new behavior.
js-use-syntactic-mode-namefor deriving modes.
Packages deriving from
call this function to add enabled syntax extensions to their mode
When set to a non-nil value, buffers in Auto Revert mode are no longer polled for changes periodically. This reduces the power consumption of an idle Emacs, but may fail on some network file systems; set auto-revert-notify-exclude-dir-regexp to match files where notification is not supported. The default value is nil.
A major mode can declare that notification on the buffer's default directory is sufficient to know when updates are required, by setting the new variable buffer-auto-revert-by-notification to a non-nil value. Auto Revert mode can use this information to avoid polling the buffer periodically when auto-revert-avoid-polling is non-nil.
function that can be used for more fine-grained control of which buffers to auto-revert.
Allows setting the path to the password-store, defaults to
Specifies separator between host and port, defaults to colon ":".
This makes the package usable with physical tokens requiring touching a sensor for every decryption.
auth-source-pass-getis now autoloaded.
bookmark-old-default-fileare now obsolete
When non-nil, watch whether the bookmark file has changed on disk.
This bookmark file format has not been used in Emacs since at least version 19.34, released in 1996, and will no longer be automatically converted to the new bookmark file format.
The following functions are now declared obsolete:
This library generates manual C++ template instantiations. It should no longer be useful on modern compilers, which do this automatically.
This runs after changing the dictionary and could be used to
automatically spellcheck a buffer when changing language without
needing to advice
This command is bound to
S-down and scrolls the buffer up in
particular when the end of the buffer is visible in the window.
mwheel-installis now obsolete.
mouse-wheel-mode instead. Note that
already enabled by default on most graphical displays.
gravatar-cache-ttlis now a number of seconds.
The previously used timestamp format of a list of integers is still supported, but is deprecated. The default value has not changed.
gravatar-sizecan now be nil.
This results in the use of Gravatar's default size of 80 pixels.
This is possible using the new user options
good replacement, even in very large source files.
time-stamp-formatgives time zone offset.
Specifying '%5z' in
expands to the time zone offset, e.g., '+0100'. The time zone used is
Because this feature is new in Emacs 27.1, do not use it in the local variables section of any file that might be edited by an older version of Emacs.
The new documented/recommended %-conversions are closer to those
format-time-string and are compatible at least as far back
as Emacs 22.1 (released in 2007).
Uppercase abbreviated day name of week: was %3A, now %#a Full day name of week: was %:a, now %:A Uppercase abbreviated month name: was %3B, now %#b Full month name: was %:b, now %:B Four-digit year: was %:y, now %Y Lowercase timezone name: was %z, now %#Z Fully-qualified host name: was %s, now %Q Unqualified host name: (was none), now %q Login name: was %u, now %l User's full name: was %U, now %L
Merely having '(add-hook 'before-save-hook 'time-stamp)' in your
Emacs init file does not expose you to this change. However,
if you set
time-stamp-pattern with a
file-local variable, you may need to update the value.
To do this, use
c-toggle-comment-style, if needed, to set the desired
default comment style (block or line); then set the user option
c-mark-wrong-style-of-comment to non-nil.
mailcap-file-name-to-mime-typehas been added.
It's a simple convenience function for looking up MIME types based on file name extensions.
types is sorted and chosen has changed. Earlier, the most specific
viewer was chosen, even if there was a general override in
For instance, if
/etc/mailcap has an entry for
image/gif, that one
will be chosen even if you have an entry for "image/*" in your
~/.mailcap file. But with the new method, entries from
overrides all system and Emacs-provided defaults. To get the old
method back, set
mailcap-prefer-mailcap-viewers to nil.
mh-show-mode-hookis now called before the message is inserted.
Functions that want to affect the message text (for example, to change
highlighting) can no longer use
mh-show-mode-hook, because the
message contents will not yet have been inserted when the hook is
called. Such functions should now be attached to
directories if you ask it for a "file:///dir" URL. Since this is a low-level library, such decisions (if they are to be made at all) are left to higher-level functions.