Emacs: Cycle Replace Space Hyphen Underscore

By Xah Lee. Date: . Last updated: .

Here's a command that cycles {hypen, underscore, space} for word under cursor. If there's text selection, work on the region.

(defun xah-cycle-hyphen-underscore-space ( &optional @begin @end )
  "Cycle {underscore, space, hypen} chars in selection or inside quote/bracket or line.
When called repeatedly, this command cycles the {“_”, “-”, “ ”} characters, in that order.

The region to work on is by this order:
 ① if there's active region (text selection), use that.
 ② If cursor is string quote or any type of bracket, and is within current line, work on that region.
 ③ else, work on current line.

URL `http://ergoemacs.org/emacs/elisp_change_space-hyphen_underscore.html'
Version 2017-01-27"
  (interactive)
  ;; this function sets a property 「'state」. Possible values are 0 to length of -charArray.
  (let ($p1 $p2)
    (if (and @begin @end)
        (progn (setq $p1 @begin $p2 @end))
      (if (use-region-p)
          (setq $p1 (region-beginning) $p2 (region-end))
        (if (nth 3 (syntax-ppss))
            (save-excursion
              (skip-chars-backward "^\"")
              (setq $p1 (point))
              (skip-chars-forward "^\"")
              (setq $p2 (point)))
          (let (
                ($skipChars
                 (if (boundp 'xah-brackets)
                     (concat "^\"" xah-brackets)
                   "^\"<>(){}[]“”‘’‹›«»「」『』【】〖〗《》〈〉〔〕()")))
            (skip-chars-backward $skipChars (line-beginning-position))
            (setq $p1 (point))
            (skip-chars-forward $skipChars (line-end-position))
            (setq $p2 (point))
            (set-mark $p1)))))
    (let* (
           ($charArray ["_" "-" " "])
           ($length (length $charArray))
           ($regionWasActive-p (region-active-p))
           ($nowState
            (if (equal last-command this-command )
                (get 'xah-cycle-hyphen-underscore-space 'state)
              0 ))
           ($changeTo (elt $charArray $nowState)))
      (save-excursion
        (save-restriction
          (narrow-to-region $p1 $p2)
          (goto-char (point-min))
          (while
              (re-search-forward
               (elt $charArray (% (+ $nowState 2) $length))
               ;; (concat
               ;;  (elt -charArray (% (+ -nowState 1) -length))
               ;;  "\\|"
               ;;  (elt -charArray (% (+ -nowState 2) -length)))
               (point-max)
               "NOERROR")
            (replace-match $changeTo "FIXEDCASE" "LITERAL"))))
      (when (or (string= $changeTo " ") $regionWasActive-p)
        (goto-char $p2)
        (set-mark $p1)
        (setq deactivate-mark nil))
      (put 'xah-cycle-hyphen-underscore-space 'state (% (+ $nowState 1) $length)))))

Give it a key. For example, 【Ctrl+-】. [see Emacs: How to Define Keys]

If you just want it to toggle between _ and -, just shorten the vector in the code.

Hard Coded Underscore to Space

Here's a dumb command that just replaces underscore to space, in region.

(defun xah-underscore-to-space-region (@begin @end)
  "Change underscore char to space.
URL `http://ergoemacs.org/emacs/elisp_change_space-hyphen_underscore.html'
Version 2017-01-11"
  (interactive "r")
  (save-excursion
    (save-restriction
      (narrow-to-region @begin @end)
      (goto-char (point-min))
      (while
          (re-search-forward "_" (point-max) "NOERROR")
        (replace-match " " "FIXEDCASE" "LITERAL")))))

If you want a dumb command that replaces hyphen to space, hyphen to underscore, or underscore to hyphen, just modify the above code.

Dired Rename File from Space to Hyphen or Underscore

Emacs: Rename File from Space to Hyphen/Underscore

Emacs Text Transform Under Cursor

  1. Toggle Letter Case
  2. Change to Title Case
  3. Upcase Sentences
  4. Cycle Replace Space Hyphen Underscore
  5. Remove Accent Marks
  6. Escape Quotes Command
  7. Spaces to New Lines
  8. Quote Lines
  9. Change Brackets/Quotes
  10. CSS Compressor
  11. Replace Greek Letter Names to Unicode
  12. Convert Straight/Curly Quotes
  13. Convert Full-Width/Half-Width Punctuations
  14. Lines to HTML Table
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